MODERN APPROACH IN THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LEXICON OF THE CHINESE AND UZBEK LANGUAGES

In this article, the lexicon of the Chinese and Uzbek languages is compared and analyzed based on the modern approach to comparative analysis. Attention is paid to the phenomenon of lexical interference in the process of translating from Uzbek to Chinese, improving students' lexical competence in a foreign language. Difficulties in learning the Chinese language in educational institutions are identified, and modern methods of solving them and developing proposals are presented. The analysis of the structure of the words in Chinese, English and Uzbek languages is considered, classified, their specific features are highlighted and their importance in ensuring the language and the uniqueness of the language is shown. Also, it is to explain more about the quantitative words in Chinese, English and Uzbek languages and to show the similarities and differences between them in comparison with the Uzbek language.

76
25.10.2023

ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF FREEDOM AND THE TRANSFORMATION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN TWO PERIODS THROUGH A SOCIOLOGICAL QUESTIONNAIRE

The article presents the results of sociological research to compare the opinions of ancient philosophers about freedom with different interpretations and modern views. In particular, in the process of comparison, their opinions were considered in addition to their relevance and different from each other, i.e. differentiation sides. Many studies show that it is not possible to define the concept of freedom in one way, its first interpretations go back to ancient times, and they can be taken as the basis of all points of view. In the research presented in this article, an attempt was made to justify these theses through a sociological survey. The results of the research are summarized and the issue of freedom is still relevant today.

85
09.06.2023